Republic v. Democray

And to the Republic....

And to the Republic, for which it stands... AP/ Martin Meissner

REPUBLIC vs. DEMOCRACY

I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America,
and to the Republic for which it stands,

The Pledge of Allegiance is here to remind us that we pledge allegiance to our Republic, not to a democracy. “Republic” is the proper description of our government, not “democracy.”

In a Republic, the people enjoy their God-given natural rights. In a Democracy, the Citizens enjoy only government granted privileges also known as civil rights.

Although a Republic and a Democracy are identical in number ways, there is also an exception. And that exception is one of the most important distinctions that can be had. In a Republic, the sovereignty of the republic is entrusted in each and every individual person. In a democracy, the sovereignty is entrusted in the group as a whole.

It is important to keep in mind that a Democracy and a Republic are dissimilar forms of government. Understanding the difference is essential to comprehension of the basic fundamentals involved. The use of the word “Democracy”, as meaning the popular type of government that features genuinely free elections by the people periodically is not helpful in understanding the true differences involved when discussing the difference between a Democracy and a Republic. This double meaning of Democracy needs to be made clear for the sake of truly understanding those differences.

Democracy:
A: government by the people; especially: rule of the majority.

B: a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.

Attitude toward law is that the will of the majority will regulate, whether it is based upon deliberation or governed by passion, prejudice, and impulse, without restraint or regard to consequences.

A Democracy is majority rule and is destructive of liberty because there is no law to prevent the majority from trampling on individual rights. Whatever the majority says goes! A lynch mob is an example of pure Democracy in action. There is only one dissenting vote, and that is cast by the person at the end of the rope. In a pure democracy, 51% beats 49%. In other words, the minority has no rights. The minority only has those privileges granted by the dictatorship of the majority.

Republic:
A: a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch and who in modern times is usually a president: a political unit (as a nation) having such a form of government.

B: a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law. That form of government in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or through representatives chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially delegated.

A Republic is a government of law under a Constitution. The Constitution holds the government in check and prevents the majority (acting through their government) from violating the rights of the individual. Under this system of government a lynch mob is illegal. The suspected criminal cannot be denied his right to a fair trial even if a majority of the citizenry demands otherwise.

The word “people” may be either plural or singular. In a republic the group only has advisory powers; the sovereign individual is free to reject the majority group-think. An exception would be if 100% of a jury convicts, then the individual loses sovereignty and is subject to group-think as in a democracy.

In a Democracy, the sovereignty is in the whole body of the free citizens as a collective. The sovereignty is not divided to smaller units such as individual citizens. To solve problems, only the whole body politic is authorized to act on those problems. Also, by being citizens, individuals have duties and obligations to the government. The government’s only obligations to the citizens are those that have been legislatively pre-defined for it by the whole body politic. Democracy is mob rule through voting or actions. The ideal, utopian concept resides in the Communist ideology set forth by Ingles and Marx.

In a Republic, the sovereignty resides in the people themselves, whether in one or in many. In a Republic, one may act on his own or through his representatives as he freely chooses to solve a problem. Furthermore, the people have no obligation to the government. Instead, the government, being hired by the people is obliged to its owner, the people. A Republic is individual rights guaranteed by the individuals themselves through voting and actions. The ideal, utopian concept resides in the Constitution of The United States and through the God given freedoms of the people of the United States of America.

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice…secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” The founders of this Republic included these words, “ordain and establish this Constitution,” to mean not for themselves, but “for the United States of America.” In delegating certain powers to the government agencies, the people gave up none of their own. The People govern themselves, while their government agents (elected and appointed officials and agencies) perform the selected tasks listed in the Preamble for the benefit of the People. The Republican question is this then; can self-governing people coexist and prevail over government agencies that have no authority over the People?

Our Founding Fathers were familiar with the strengths and weakness’ of both autocracy’s and democracy’s, and had definite principles in mind defining a representative Republican form of government. They made a very marked distinction between a republic and a democracy and said repeatedly and emphatically that they had founded a republic.

The philosophers John Locke believed that, “the fountain of sovereignty was the People of the state.” Even in crazy California, in the state constitution it states in Sections 11120 and 54950, “The people of this State do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies which serve them.”

Nearly two centuries ago, Professor Alexander Fraser Tytler, said this about Democracy: “A Democracy cannot exist as a permanent form of Government. It can only exist until the voters discover they can vote themselves largess out of public treasury. From that moment on the majority always votes for the candidate promising the most benefits from the public treasury with the result that Democracy always collapses over a loose fiscal policy, always to be followed by a Dictatorship.”

James Madison made an observation in The Federalist (no. 55) “As there is a degree of depravity in mankind which requires a certain degree of circumspection and distrust: So there are other qualities in human nature, which justify a certain portion of esteem and confidence. Republican government (that of a Republic) presupposes the existence of these qualities in a higher degree than any other form. Were the pictures which have been drawn by the political jealousy of some among us, faithful likenesses of the human character, the inference would be that there is not sufficient virtue among men for self government; and that nothing less than the chains of despotism can restrain them from destroying and devouring one another.”

Thomas Jefferson said that liberty and ignorance cannot coexist, “If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be.”

Jefferson, writing in his “Notes on the State of Virginia”, protested against “Democracy instead of Republicanism” regarding the excesses by the Virginia Legislature, saying: “An elective despotism was not the government we fought for . . . All the powers of government, legislative, executive, judiciary, result to the legislative body. The concentrating these in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government. It will be no alleviation that these powers will be exercised by a plurality of hands, and not by a single one. 173 despots would surely be as oppressive as one. Let those who doubt it turn their eyes on the republic of Venice.”

Earlier, Madison had written Jefferson about violation of the Bill of Rights by State legislatures, stating: “Repeated violations of those parchment barriers have been committed by overbearing majorities in every State. In Virginia I have seen the bill of rights violated in every instance where it has been opposed to a popular current.”

Our Republic and nation is on the verge of collapse and fundamentally changing into a dictatorship, whether it is soft or hard and if not a dictatorship a tyrannical socialist state. Not just because of Barack Obama, Pelosi and Reid, but because the elected officials in this nation have been elected by citizens that no longer remember the Constitution and the freedoms that were once a part of it. The people get the form of government that they deserve. You and I may not want it but ask the senior citizens that use social security, Medicare and Medicaid. Ask those on extended unemployment, school loans, welfare and every other government handout that makes them a ward of the state. You belong to the state as its slave and its ward. The Congress and the states have allowed this government to trample on the people and the Constitution using as its cover “The will of our Democracy.”

We have to gain and live by the knowledge that was seemingly innate within the founding fathers of this great nation. In a pure democracy 51 beats 49%. In a democracy there is no such thing as a significant minority: there are no minority rights except civil rights granted by a condescending majority. Only five of the U.S. Constitution’s first ten amendments apply to Citizens of the United States and the others limited the overreach of the Government or majority. Simply stated, a democracy is a dictatorship of the majority. Socrates was executed by a democracy: “though he harmed no one, the majority found him intolerable.”

“Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote.” Ben Franklin

“The democracy will cease to exist when you take away from those who are willing to work and give to those who would not.” Thomas Jefferson

“Democracy … wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There is never a democracy that did not commit suicide.” John Adams

“Democracy is the most vile form of government… democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention… incompatible with personal security or the rights of property.” Madison

“The majority, oppressing an individual, is guilty of a crime, abuses its strength, and … breaks up the foundations of society.” Thomas Jefferson

And to the Republic....

And to the Republic, for which it stands... AP/ Martin Meissner

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